How to Write a Microbiology Lab Report

Colleges and universities build the process of presenting educational material in a bilateral manner. Educators and teachers first give us ready-made knowledge in theoretical studies. In high school, these are lectures, in school – lessons. After a certain part of the information is given out in order to verify what we have learned, practical exercises are conducted. These include workshops, examinations, and laboratory work. 

Labs not only demonstrate the amount of theoretical knowledge obtained by students but also most clearly show its use in practice. Laboratory work is most often carried out by students engaged in the study of the exact sciences (physics, chemistry, biology). Do not be afraid to be engaged in this type of research and there is no need to google who can write my lab report right now. It is really simple and effective for your knowledge to do it by yourself.

It is necessary to understand, that even though different subjects have their own specifics, the lab report is still something that has some strict and definitive points. In that way, it is reasonable to follow the common structure and sequence. In the course of the work, the researcher must: 

  • study the laws of any process by means of theoretically obtained methods; 
  • choose constructive methods that contribute to the accuracy of measurement indicators; 
  • compare the result with the theoretical data; 
  • analyze the coincidence or discrepancy of the results, which is recorded in the activity report. 

Before the conducting of the lab work itself, its participants, as a rule, are brought into an equipped room especially for this, or they receive the equipment necessary for the experiments. In addition to the fact that a mentor necessarily acquaints everyone with the procedure for conducting laboratory operations, collecting equipment, safety procedures, and the conditions for issuing a report, everyone present will certainly be instructed to sign in a special journal. 

If a lab report writer has an insufficient amount of theoretical knowledge on a laboratory research topic (gaps, poor grades, misunderstanding), the report would not be successful. The main condition for a good mark for the work done is not only a well-formed report, compliance of all measurements with a theoretical model, but also the student’s readiness to answer questions from the experience done, thereby proving one’s awareness of the issue being studied.

Rules for Writing a Lab Report

Like any other practical work, the lab also has a number of conditions relating to the peculiarities of its outline. Laboratory work consists of certain parts, each of which contains certain information.


In the first part, you need to prove the relevance of your research in the relation of the necessity to solve any issue or scientific problem. After that, you must specify the object and subject of the study. The object will be the issue that you will consider and the subject will be certain characteristics of the object. Next, you must specify the purpose for which you carry out research manipulations. This may be the study, definition, measurement, comparison, verification of certain indicators of something. 

And most importantly, it should be noted that earlier this issue was not given sufficient attention, and this information will be very useful not only from a scientific point of view but also will benefit the whole microbiological field. In other words, prove that it is really worth studying and attention. 

The Main Part

This part will present theoretical and practical information. From a theoretical point of view, you need to consider the area you are examining from the point of view of other scientific papers. It is extremely important to mention all aspects of this issue in this part. The practical section will describe the results obtained, taking into account the theoretical information mentioned above. It is necessary to describe a step-by-step course of the whole experiment that you carried out, as well as the final result obtained. 

In the main part, the following elements are described:

  • objectives of the study;
  • tasks that help to achieve the goals;
  • progress of work, which describes the actions performed;
  • other sections provided by the methodological materials on the studied discipline.

Usually, the main part indicates the topic and the issue of the work, lists the equipment and measuring devices, briefly describes the theory of the phenomenon being studied, provides the installation scheme, calculation formulas, tables of measurement results, describes graphs, diagrams, and calculation of measurement errors.


The last part is a kind of summing up of everything mentioned above. You not only need to retell all the work, with the obligatory indication of the results but once again bring the verifier and reader to the justification of goals, objectives, and relevance. Moreover, you need to indicate whether your hypothesis was true or false and what you believe is necessary to do in order to continue the study or to improve it.

When writing a conclusion, it is recommended to follow the following steps:

  • identify the subject of study and methods of its research;
  • record the results obtained during the work taking into account the errors of various types;
  • if there are graphs, describe the conclusions made on their basis;
  • compare the result with the initial data and explain the reasons for the possible discrepancy of the compared data;
  • evaluate the completeness of the solution of the tasks set in the work.

If your work is fundamental, you will also need to develop recommendations for applying the results of the study, assess the technical and economic effectiveness of the implementation and the scientific and technical level of your work in comparison with the best practices in the industry.

Finally, do not forget about the title page. It is made strictly according to the instruction, which is usually given in the methodological manuals for your subject. It is not only required to specify such elements as the name of the educational institution, type of work and information about the performer but also to arrange them in strict accordance with the standards.

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